Private Garden

Private Garden is an interactive installation which projects computer generated and processed garden visuals onto the surface of a bed. Visitors can lie in the bed and interact with the projected garden visuals and ambient sound with their body movement.


I’ve loved gardens since I was a kid. Whenever I’m stressed or sad, I would always go for a walk in the garden. Sitting in the garden, reading some books, or just listening to the birds will make me feel better. I also love to hangout with friends in the garden, we would chat, laugh, eat and have a good time.

The year 2020 in which the covid pandemic started was an emotionally difficult time for everyone. During the quarantine, I noticed that I started to spend more and more time in my bed. Some days were particularly stressful and I would just lie in bed all day, trying to escape from reality. On other cheerful days I would sometimes sit on the bed in pyjamas, facetime with friends, read books and listen to music. I realised that the bed has become an intimate and versatile place for me. It accompanied me through all my highs and lows and It almost feels like I had a garden in my bedroom. This resemblance inspired me to develop Private Garden.

Traditional Chinese garden and generative neural network

I was born in Suzhou, a city famous for traditional Chinese gardens. Unlike Italian or French gardens, traditional Chinese gardens cannot be fully experienced within a single glance. You have to discover the garden following the designed path. One after another, the scene will gradually reveal itself as you walk through it. Having this in mind, I constructed an image database of Suzhou gardens. Then I trained a generative neural network with this database, which generates an ever changing artificial garden. Each generated image only shows a fraction of the garden, for example a pavilion, a pond, the snow on the early blooms, a view of lush greenery through the window.  Browsing through these changing visuals one by one feels like walking in an actual traditional Chinese garden.


Private Garden is an interactive installation. Visitors can lie in the bed and move their body to interact with the projected garden visuals. Imagine when you are busy walking around the garden and exploring, insects and birds might be scared away and you might also not pay enough attention to the surrounding environment. So when the visitor moves a lot in bed, the garden visual will turn more fragmented and change rapidly into other scenes and the ambient sound will be turned down.

On the contrary, when the visitor stays calm and still in bed, the changing visual will slow down on the current scene and show more detail. Just as if you find a place in the garden that you like and decide to take a closer look and enjoy this moment. And then you start to hear the sound of the wind blowing through the leaves, birds and insects singing. To simulate this experience, the ambient sound volume will be turned up gradually.

To sum up, the goal is to create an immersive yet intimate environment, in which visitors can stretch their bodies freely and have a relaxing experience interacting with the ever-changing artificial garden.


Suan (Chinese: to calculate) is an installation projecting fractal patterns and animations based on parameter input from an abacus. Visitors participate by playing with the abacus. A hidden camera captures the numbers, which participants enter on the abacus. These numbers will be used as different parameters to generate different fractal image. 

The work shows the charm of mathematics in a different approach. Filled with cultural and artistic inspirations, it is also accessible to people from different age range, education level and nationality. One does not need to know exactly what’s going on with the complex calculation to enjoy the beauty of mathematics.

Technical support: Dr. -Ing. Ding Luo

This project was created and exhibited in Ars Electronica Festival 2016. The artwork was also exhibited in Kunstuniversität Linz Rundgang 2016 and exhibition “Back to the Future” in bb15.

@ Ars Electronica Festival 2016


Jellyfish is a interactive music instrument created for Interface Culture Musikkapelle live performance in 2016.

The position and movement data of two artificial jellyfish is captured and turned into an audio output. The artist wanted to translate the dance move of jellyfish into a sound and to transform the fish tank into an instrument.

Together with Johannes Wernicke, Jelena Veljkovic, Ali Douba, and Yuji Miyano, these five artists did an live performance with their creative instruments titled Nurb, aiming at shaping sounds with physical shapes.

@bb15 Linz

Concert IC Musikkapelle 2016

audio sample of the jellyfish instrument

Silk Road- Interactive Installation

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Interactive installation design. Installed in exhibition to commemorate cooperation between Zhejiang University and Xinjiang University.

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This design is based on two conceptual images: the Silk Road and the Dap (musical instrument in Xinjiang). The Dap drums are aligned according to the geographically winding path of the Silk Road, in which each drum holds the name of a symbolic town along this path. The interactive lighting is designed to extend towards both ends of the path, symbolising the transmission and communication between both cultures. Meanwhile, the shape and interactive method imitate the way of playing the Dap drum, demonstrating the hospitality of the Uyghur people as well as their natural talents in singing and dancing.

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The installation design“Silk Road” is composed of two states: While inactive, each light unit remains at an independent breathing status with the names on the drums indistinctly recognisable, allowing the device to show a sense of life even at inactive state.

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When stricken, the drum generates an acoustic feedback and starting from the stricken unit, the light in each drum will be activated successively towards both ends of the device. Such visual effect of extending and transmitting light expresses the design consideration of cultural communication.